A Race Engineers' Perspective
Rick Mayer, race engineer of the Keating Motorsports/Risi Competizione No. 85 Ferrari 488 GTE-Am team, gives us a preview of this year's 24 Hours of Le Mans, June 16-17, 2018.
Giuseppe Risi and Ben Keating, both business owners and automotive dealers in the state of Texas with racing connections, have joined forces for this years' 24-hour race at the Circuit de la Sarthe in Le Mans, France. Keating, Jeroen Bleekemolen, and Luca Stolz will pilot the Keating Motorsports/Risi Competizione Ferrari 488 GTE.
The track is mostly public roads, except for the event days. The whole circuit is not available to test at any other time. The Le Mans test day is one of the most important test days of any series given the uniqueness of the venue. This time of year Le Mans weather can be extremely variable: wet, dry, hot or cold. We need to maximize track time to understand the tire options in the different conditions; Michelin tire options are different than last year. We need to finalize the race event starting setup and get all the drivers comfortable and familiar with the many alarms, buttons, dials and switches. All the No. 85 car drivers are new to this car and we'll use the test day to acclimate them.
The circuit is 8.5 miles long and just under a four-minute lap for the GTEs. Telemetry coverage we hope will be near perfect this year; we had good coverage last year. Radio and telemetry coverage are always a concern here as the track covers so much area. It takes nearly 15 minutes just to do one timed lap if you include the 'out' and 'in' laps.
We have a total of eight (8) hours of practice time for the Test day but the number of actual practice laps is low in comparison to a normal USA (or European) sprint race because of the long lap time. It almost always rains in testing and/or the race, just hope you have the setup and other essential testing sorted in the dry running.
Rick Mayer, Keating Motorsports/Risi Competizione Race Engineer
Competition: There are five (5) Ferrari F488's, six (6) Porsches and two (2) Aston-Martins in the GTE-Am entry this year. The Ferrari is the same car spec as last year; the Porsche is the mid-engine car that was homologated in GTE-Pro last year. The Am class is more driver performance bias then the Pro class and the No. 85 car lineup is at the very top of the list of driver prowess. It is highly unlikely any cars will show their true pace as the BoP (Balance of Performance) can be adjusted between the test and the race. All the manufacturers are hoping to keep what they have or get a BoP advantage for the race week.
Setup: First, you need a super reliable car; you have to finish to win. It needs to be comfortable for all the drivers with no unpredictable handling tendencies. If the car is good in the Porsche curves it is probably good everywhere, that's a good gauge. The aero setup for Le Mans is like nowhere else we race. Every car has a special homologated Le Mans-only aero package to reduce the downforce and drag for competitiveness and equality. The long straights here are so important, with three of them being over a mile long and two more over 4,000 feet; Teams will trim downforce to reduce drag for straight-line speed. There is a limit to reduced downforce. If you go too far you are too slow off the corners leading onto the long straights and the actual maximum speed in those sections can be slower. Part of the testing process is finding that limit. Every manufacturer has and ACO/FIA homologated Le Mans kit to reduce drag and give some parity between the different makes of cars. This is mainly to reduce front downforce that you balance with a substantial reduction in rear wing angle. The reduced wing is the main drag reduction. You need a good platform for the high speed and change of directions, so the setup is on the stiff side; there is only one slow corner at Le Mans. The majority of the track is smooth (surprisingly for every day roads), so there is not usually a grip issue. Additionally, the track gains grip in the test as the track rubbers in. Of course, that is only if the rain doesn't wash the rubber off! You always consider rain in the setup; seldom is the race totally dry. We had a great setup last year and the car build is the same. We don't expect to be changing the setup much.
Test Day Methodology: Teams only have two (2) four-hour sessions with a one-hour break. It is a full day of running. In the first hour the track will be low grip, dusty and dirty on the public street parts of the circuit. The dust and dirt being sucked off the track by the cars will look like spray from rain. You need to get a handle on the setup at the test. During the event week you need to be in 'race mode' and concentrate on race prep (car, drivers, equipment, crew, pit work, etc.) and not setup. All the GTE-Am cars will have three (3) dry Michelin tire options to choose from, and multiple wet tire options; understanding the 'windows' these tires all work best in and cross over points will be one of the goals of this test. We will try and do long runs on tires, a stint being about an hour, to see how the balance changes and what the lap time degradation is throughout the run. We need to determine when and if it is advantageous to multi-stint tires in the race. Le Mans technical regulations only allow a limited number of dry tire sets to be used in the race. The quantity is not enough to change tires on every stop for the whole race, so we will have to multi-stint most sets of tires; double stinting tires is typical at Le Mans.
If you have a good test and end with a comfortable reliable car and reasonably happy drivers then you can start working on race event planning and minor fine tuning of the car, drivers and crew for the race week.